Taweez

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A Brief Discussion from Quran

وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْءَانِ مَا هُوَ شِفَآءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
We send down in Qur’an that which is a healing and a mercy to the believers…
[Sura Banu Isra’il, verse 82]

The ayat above clarifies an important role and purpose of the holy Quran. The word “healing” deserves a thorough examination, particularly within this context. How should the word healing be understood in this specific verse? Can a book really cure the Ummah? What are the other roles of Quran? These questions need to be addressed, in order for us to attain a comprehensive understanding of the curing role of the Quran. Healing is a process of repair or improvement from sickness to health. The definition might seem apparent, however there are two elucidations often used for this word. Some authors of Quranic exegesis have explained the word as cure from confusion, shirk, or any other acts leading towards unbelief. This explanation appears to be logical and clear.

While other mufassireen, particularly ash-Shawkani, in his Fatih al-Qadir refers to the Quranic healing mentioned in this verse as reading dua’s from the Quran and blowing it on the sick person[1]. This sick person is not someone confused, a mushrik or committing acts leading towards unbelief. Although al-Shawkani further commentates that if the non-believer recites the Quran, then he will be cured from the sickness of shirk, however it must be noted that this ayat refers to it (Quran) as a cure for the believers. The translation explains that the Quran has been sent as a cure and mercy for the believers. If the curing aspect of the Quran mentioned within this particular verse referred to the entire humanity or those Muslims, who have not achieved or instilled the complete Iman in their hearts, then perhaps the first tafseer would be the only understandable explanation. However, in Islam a believer possesses a high and honourable status. Believers are successful, humble in their prayers[2], avoid falsehood conversations[3] and have great manners[4]. These people do not require cure from shirk or falsehood, but are in need of Quranic treatment for physical and spiritual problems and diseases.

It is for this reason that Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) explained:

There is no disease that Allah has created, except that He also has created its treatment.
(Narrated by Abu Huraira (May be Pleased with him), Chapter 71, Hadith, 582, Bukhari)

Respected readers, with the utmost respect refer your minds towards the diseases faced by Prophet Ayub (Peace be upon him). Allah (Subahana wa Ta’ala) tested his patience with severe illnesses and then granted him relief through water[5]. Able readers; remember that water could not have cured except with the order of Allah. If Musa (Peace be upon him) was confronted by the evil magicians, then he also received the power of miracle to combat the magicians. It is wisdom of Allah to provide solutions for every existing problems and diseases.

 

Authentic References

Respected readers, it is must be noted that the whole method and concept of “spiritual healing” must be in accordance to the Quran and Hadith. Imam al-Qurtubi states:

al-Qurtubi, at-Tadhkirat, chapter on 'Ta'wiz'
The ta’wiz that are forbidden are those ta’wiz from the Time of Ignorance – those which are satanic and contain an element of shirk [mantar, voodoo and magic, etc.]. The ta’wiz, which are permitted are those written with du’as evidently from Qur’an and ahadith only.

In another words, any un-Islamic elements in a Taveez would be absolutely illegal according to Islamic Shariah. It is therefore important for the benefit of the readers to list some legal and correct methods of using duas and taveezat.

Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal vol.2; Abu Dawud, in 'Chapter of Medicine'; Tafsir Ibn Kathir, under Sura al-Mu'minun, verse 97; and Qadi Shawkani, Fath al-Qadir, under the same verse
Amr ibn Shu’aib (may Allah be pleased with him) said that “Rasulu’llah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) taught my father and grandfather a du’a which we would read before going to sleep, to protect us from fear and anguish.We told our elder children to recite this du’a before going to sleep as well. But for those children who were not yet literate, we would write it and then put it around their necks.
Bukhari; Muslim, Chapter of Tibb
When a person who was sick or in some distress they would go to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) who would then place his hand on the area of pain and recite a du’a’ and then blow onto him.
Muslim, Chapter of Tibb
When the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was ill for the last time, Angel Jibril (peace be upon him) came and recited du’a and blew on to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace).
Muslim, Chapter of Tibb
A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her) relates that when the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) was ill for the last time, she recited Sura al-Falaq and Sura an-Nas and then blew on to the Prophet’s (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) hands. The Prophet then blew this onto his own face and body because his hands had more blessing then ‘A’isha’s (may Allah be pleased with her).

These references not only provide enormous information but also prove the authenticity of these methods. It is a process that has come to us from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his respected companions. We as Muslims must hail and acknowledge the narrators and collectors of the pure Hadith, who with their hard work and dedication provided us with this invaluable knowledge and information.

 

Advice to the People

In any recovery process, it is not only important to take the medicine punctually but also avoid certain elements that might aggravate the injury. A person suffering from extreme fever or cold would not be fully cured through medicine if he/she fails to avoid acts that would worsen the disease. So a cure with balanced prevention would be the perfect remedy for the illness. Similarly, those believers who use Taveez and duas, must remember that reading Salah, keeping fast, remembering Allah, giving charities are some of the many acts, which would help one to recover from their illnesses in a faster and better manner. These actions with the aid of Taveezat would be ideal remedy for any illnesses or problems.

In the present era, it has been a common custom that the patient expects the Taveez to fully fulfil its purpose without once remembering Allah and his Prophet. If his/her work is not successful then either the Taveez or the prescriber is blamed. Although, at times the prescriber’s role might be questioned, however one must introspect himself/herself and analyse as to why this occurred? How can one benefit from the words of Allah in the form of Taveez and Dua, without avoiding false talks, adultery, alcohol, backbiting, jealousy and greediness for World. On one hand the patient is asking Allah for help through Taveezat, while on the other hand is committing regular sins, consequently indicating that he/she wants Allah’s help but do not consider His orders and commands as important. Asking help from Allah with undermining His commands is a sinful act, and the patient must only blame himself for any failure. Respected readers; let us conclude this topic by remembering the words of Allah, which we must all follow and help others to obey it with devotion and dedication:

“O you who Believe. If you help Allah, Allah will help you; and establish your feet firmly.” (47:7)

May Allah give us all His guidance to follow the path of this beloved Prophet (Sallahu alai hi wasallam) and May we live in this worlds as Muslims and die with Iman. Ameen.

 

[1] If the Qur’an’s du’a’s are recited and blown on the sick, they will be cured. When the non-believers recite the Qur’an, their blasphemic disease will be cured” [Tafsir Fath al-Qadir, under Sura Bani Isra’il, verse 82]

[2] Successful; are indeed the believers who are humble in their Salaat.” (23:1-2).

[3] And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, falsehood, and all that Allâh has forbidden). [Al-Mu’minun 23:3]

[4] The most perfect of the believers in faith is the one who is best in manners” (At-Tirmidhi).

[5] Remember Our slave Job, when he invoked His Lord saying: “Verily! Satan has touched me with distress (by losing my health) and torment (by losing my wealth)!” Allah said to him: “Strike the ground with your foot: This is a spring of water to wash in and cool and a refreshing drink.” And We gave him back his family, and along with them the like thereof as a Mercy from Us, and a reminder for those who understand. (38:41-43)